Tenerife (Tenerife) – Spanish island in the Atlantic Ocean, the archipelago of the Canary Islands. It is the largest both in area (2057 square kilometers), and the number of population (839 people) island of the archipelago.
The mountain range divides the island into two climatic zones: arid, humid sunny south, covered with lush vegetation, the north. That is why Tenerife is called “the island with two faces.”
Originally the island was inhabited by Guanches. However, in the XV century Spanish conquest of Tenerife began. Here, in July 1797 in an unsuccessful attempt to conquer the port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Rear Admiral Nelson lost his right arm. During the world tour in 1831 – 1836 years on this island, visited the famous Charles Darwin. After Tenerife in 1866 and was the route first trip Maclay.
Tenerife is also often called Isla de la Eterna Primavera («The Island of Eternal Spring”), and it is not surprising, because the island is located on the same latitude as the Sahara Desert. It lasts all year round warm climate of 20 ° -22 ° C in winter and 26 ° -28 ° C in summer.
On the island of Tenerife is the highest mountain in Spain – Mount Teide volcano. Its height is 3718 meters. However, if we measure its height with respect to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean at this point, the Teide rises to 7,500 meters and is the highest peak of the ocean.
Teide volcano erupted in 1492, 1706 and 1909. And it was not the most powerful eruption. Once this volcano has experienced such a strong eruption, after he left a crater with a diameter of about 29 kilometers.
The economy of the island of Tenerife is based on tourism. Thanks to the good climatic conditions and developed tourist infrastructure, the island attracts about 3 million tourists. Tourist boom began here in 1950 and was accompanied by a rapid increase in the number of public and private hotels.
Tenerife beaches are covered with healing sand of volcanic origin. At each station there are a beach rental of sports equipment, so many fans of active rest are engaged in any sport, from surfing and scuba diving ending. In addition, the island many of the thematic and natural parks, where tourists can get acquainted with the fauna and flora of Tenerife.