These stunning volcanoes are located in National Park “Hawaii Volcanoes” which covers an area of 1309 square kilometers. Here you can see the largest volcano on our planet – Mauna Loa, reaching a height of 4169 meters. Also, here volcano Kilauea is the most active volcano.
This park attracts many scientists and volcanologists who study these amazing creatures of nature. Here tourists came to admire the unique landscape.
The climate her is very diverse – from the barren desert to Kau tropical rain forests. Approximately 50% of the park is wilderness, where is developed for hiking. The National Park has an great natural value, so in 1980 it was awarded the status of the International Biosphere Reserve and in 1987 was entered the UNESCO World Heritage List. Unique landscapes of park annually attract about 2.5 million tourists.
In 1823, Kilauea Volcano was first visited by the West. They were the American Asa Thurston and English William Ellis. Since then, more than one million tourists visited this park to see the movement incandescent lava flows.
Beginning in 1804, the valcano Kilaues has become a tourist attraction. Local businessmen George Lycurgus Pitman and Benjamin built a hotel for tourists. The pilgrimage of tourists grew, and in 1911 the governor of Hawaii Walter Freer unveiled a bill to create the “National Park Kilauea.”
However, the bill met with fierce resistance from the ranchers, who were located in the area. August 1, 1916 National Park Halekala became the first nationalpark in Hawaii and the 11th in a row in the United States. In September 1960, of its composition was selected National Park Hawaii Volcanoes.
Today the National Park provides an opportunity to explore Kilauea without risking your life. But this is one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
At the same time the volcanoes in Hawaii are not tapered like most volcanoes on our planet, and shields, which were formed as a result of multiple eruptions of fluid lava. Shield volcanoes have a form that emit basaltic lava. It has a lower viscosity, so it spreads large distances from the site of the eruption. To this type belongs and Mauna Loa - the largest volcano by volume of our planet,which occupies half of the largest Hawaiian island.
However, the most attractive thing for tourists is the volcano Kilauea. Around the volcanothere is a 17-kilometer paved road that provides comfortable access to the fantastic attractions. Despite the fact that Kilauea is the most active volcano on Earth, it is safe for visitors because the eruptions are not explosive nature.
Except the Volcanoes in National Park there are many caves, which are like lava tubes. They are formed as follows: when the upper part of lava solidified it is leaving a blank space. Camoy cave in Hawaii is the lava tube Turstona, which is open daily for visitors.